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Classification of GENERAL ANAESTHETICS

Classification of GENERAL ANAESTHETICS

Classification of  GENERAL ANAESTHETICS ON THE BASIS OF MODE OF ADMINISTRATION

A. INHALATION ANAESTHETICS
On the basis of physical state

1.VOLATILE LIQUIDS
On the basis of chemical nature
a. ETHER
Diethyl ether, Divinyl ether
b. HALOGENATED AGENTS
Halothane, Enflurane, Isoflurane, Desflurane, Sevoflurane, Methoxyflurane, Chloroform, Trichlorethylene

2.GASES
Nitrous oxide, Cyclopropane, Ethylene

B.Classification of INTRAVENOUS ANAESTHETICS
On the basis of chemical structure
a.BARBITURATES
Thiopental, Methohexital, Thiamylal
b. BENZODIAZIPINES
Diazepam, Lorazepam, Midaxolam
c.OPIODS
Fentanyl, Morphine, Sufantanil,Alfentani
d.NEUROLEPTICS
Droperidol + Fentanil (INNOVAR )
e. DISSOCIATIVE/ARYLCYCLOHEXYLAMINES/FIELD ANAESTHESIA
Ketamine
f. PHENOL
Propofol
g. SEDATIVE HYPNOTICS
Etomidate, Dexmederomidine

C. RECTAL ANAESTHETICS
Paraldehyde, Tribromoethanol





Classification of GENERAL ANAESTHETICS ON THE BASIS OF THERAPEUTIC USES

1. GENERAL ANAESTHETICS FOR INDUCTION ANAESTHESIA
Intravenous anaesthesia eg. Thiopental
2. GENERAL ANAESTHETICSFOR MAINTAINANCE ANAESTHESIA











































Inhalation anaesthesia eg. Isoflurane, Halothane, Nitrous oxide
3. GENERAL ANAESTHETICS used in PEDIATRICs
Halothane,
4. GENERAL ANAESTHETICS used in DENTAL SURGERY
Nitrous oxide with oxygen
5. GENERAL ANAESTHETICS used in OBSTETRICS
Methoxyflurane

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